DESIGN»ON THE INSIDE
It’s not just to use the nature, the sun and the water, but… it’s all a philosophy of life, to live in another world, in fact.
For that type of climate, my guess is the hybrid versions of these houses where sections are encased in glass versus the whole house. That may sound like a conservatory, which could be the compromise, but more of these hybrids have the top floor of the house set up as the green house. I wish I could give you better information, but I'm not an architect and I just couldn't find anyone talking about it. Maybe that's why these houses are mainly in Sweden.
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WARNE'S FOUR PRINCIPLES FOR BUILDING + LIVING MORE PLEASURABLY, HEALTHILY + ECONOMICALLY
Rule # 1: Look after the actual needs and not the artificial ones. The technology should be subordinate to the basics of biology. In lifestyle, construction and housing we must learn from nature.
Rule # 2: Let our homes cooperate with nature. Organisms live on original flows such as sun, wind, rain, soil and plants. We can design our houses according to the same principles.
Rule # 3: Give the inhabitants of the houses the opportunity to control flows and cycles themselves. Let us fire, breathe, water, cultivate and change according to our own needs and likes.
Rule # 4: Use sophisticated but environmentally friendly technology when nature's energies are not enough.
I was going to feature a home that was on Apple TV+ show, Home (which you should watch, it's the first episode), but in researching it more I discovered a whole genre of housing. The Naturhus concept, developed by architect Bengt Warne in the '70s, surrounds the home in a shell of glass, effectively making a live-in greenhouse.
Since many of us are smack-dab in the middle of a snowy winter, I thought I'd warm us up with the thought of year-round greenery right outside the kitchen window. The climate is maintained to be like the Mediterranean—think figs! Olives! Grapes! Almonds! Pistachios! Year-round outdoor dining! Swimming! Porch naps!
More importantly, it's a home that produces food instead waste. Grey water tanks and compost are recycled to supply the gardens. Energy bills are reduced in half. Plumbing flows with rain water.
I know what you're thinking, "What about the summers?" These are all built to open up in the summer for ventilation. I've also read about window coverings, but I'll be honest, I don't feel like that truly answers our question. When it's 100° in Illinois, I don't need the help of a green house. How would you cool that down?